What is the domain name?

A question that is often asked by beginners. What is the domain name and how does the domain name system work?

If you are new to the domain name and have heard from others the process of getting a new website online, then you may have heard that you need a domain to create a website first.

Many beginners often confuse domain names with websites or hosting websites. Often the service provider provides domain name registration and web hosting on the same website that can cause further confusion. If you just start in the field of internet communication, these terms and different names may sound very technical and sometimes even a bit scary.

In this guide, I will try to answer what domain name and how the domain name is functioning.

Our goal is to try and help you understand and choose the right domain name for your new website.


Domain name is a website address that is typed by the web browser URL bar to visit the website address. There are many different web browsers out there. So to give you an example of some different web browsers, you will often hear it called. Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Firefox and Microsoft Edge. To put this in a simpler term. Imagine if the website is home. And the home address is a domain name. Simple right?

To explain this in more detail. The actual internet is a massive network of different computers all connected to each other even though the giant network of underground cable and sub-sea. And every computer on this big network can talk and communicate with each other.

To identify each computer assigned to something called IP address. IP stands for “Internet Protocol” this is a series of numbers that identify certain computers on the Internet. There are three class IP addresses. Class A, Class B and Class C.

Generally IP addresses will be like this: 69.89.3226. Or

IP addresses like this are very difficult to remember. So imagine if you have to remember the long numbers like this to go to your favorite website.

The internet Australian Domain Registration is made to solve the problem need to remember a number of lengths associated with the website you want to visit and explore. Today if you want to visit a particular website, you don’t need to enter a long number. Instead, you can visit a website by typing a domain name that is easy to remember in the address bar of your web browser.

How does the domain name really function?

To understand how domain names function, let’s see what happens when you put it in your web browser. When you enter a domain name into your web browser, it will first send a request to a special global server network that forms a domain name system (DNS) as we know. There are 13 Computer DNS Root servers located in various locations worldwide.

This root DNS server then looks for a name server associated with the domain name and then continues the request to the special server computer.

As an example. If your website is hosted in domainregistrationdrns.com.au, then the server information will look like this



The name server is a computer managed by your web hosting provider. Your web hosting provider or company will forward your request to the server where your website is currently saved. This server is called a web server. It has special server software installed on it. Nginix and Apache are two web server software products designed for web hosting. The web server will now take web pages and collect all information related to it and finally send data back to the web browser.

How is the internet domain name different from websites and web hosting?

The website consists of files such as HTML pages, PHP pages, images, website builder software, and many other types of files.

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